Hominoid Carrying Archive

This is a large collection of video data collected as part of a Natural Environment Research Council project (NERC NE/C520447/1) Hominoid energetics: could load carriage have driven the early adoption of bipedal locomotion in human evolution). It is described in Watson JC, Payne R, Chamberlain AC, Jones R, Sellers WI. 2009 The kinematics of load carrying in humans and great apes: implications for the evolution of human bipedalism.. Folia Primatologia 80:309-328. The video is in standard DX50 format with an AVI wrapper that should be readable by almost any video software. Basic joint centre motion capture was performed by hand for all the clips presented and this data is available too.

Sample stills from the video archive

The video files were recorded using a high quality standard resolution NTSC DV camera. They have been deinterlaced and recoded as MP4 files at 59.94 frames per second, 640x480 pixels resolution using the DX50 format. You may need to install something like the Perian codecs to read these. This information is made freely available for under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike licence which means that you can use it for non-commercial purposes as long as you say where you got it from. If you want to use any of the video commercially then please contact Bill Sellers - there is probably no charge but it depends on use. The digitised data points are the estimated joint centres of the visible side of the body as comma separated files.

Deinterlace and speed doubling was achieved using 2 passes with mencoder:

mencoder input_file.avi -nosound -vf yadif=1:1,scale=640:480 -ovc lavc -ffourcc DX50 -lavcopts vcodec=mpeg4:vbitrate=1500:vhq:vpass=1 -fps 59.94 -ofps 59.94 -o /dev/null

mencoder input_file.avi -nosound -vf yadif=1:1,scale=640:480 -ovc lavc -ffourcc DX50 -lavcopts vcodec=mpeg4:vbitrate=1500:vhq:vpass=2 -fps 59.94 -ofps 59.94 -o output_file.avi

The following files are available:

Animal Gait Video File Data File Description
Chester chimps Quad cql1 chimp quad 1.avi cql1.csv Dorsal infant
Chester chimps Quad cql10 chimp quad.avi cql10.csv Lettuce piece nearside hand and mouth
Chester chimps Quad cql2 chimp quad 3.avi cql2.csv Lettuce piece mouth
Chester chimps Quad cql3 chimp quad 5.avi cql3.csv Dorsal infant
Chester chimps Quad cql4 chimp quad 6.avi cql4.csv Small food item in mouth - starts curved but OK at end
Chester chimps Quad cql6 chimp quad 14.avi cql6.csv Small food item in mouth - mid section OK
Chester chimps Quad cql9 chimp quad.avi cql9.csv Dorsal infant
Chester chimps Tri ctl1 Chimp tri 1.avi ctl1.csv Nearside small food item in hand and mouth
Chester chimps Tri ctl2 Chimp tri 2.avi ctl2.csv Nearside small food item in hand - only short section
Chester chimps Tri ctl3 Chimp tri 3.avi ctl3.csv Large log nearside hand
Chester chimps Tri ctl4 Chimp tri 4.avi ctl4.csv Nearside small food item in hand
Chester chimps Quad cqul1 Chim...quad 1.avi cqul1.csv Good
Chester chimps Quad cqul2 Chim...quad 2.avi cqul2.csv Good
Chester chimps Quad cqul3 chimp quad 7.avi cqul3.csv Good
Chester chimps Quad cqul4 chimp quad 8.avi cqul4.csv Good
Chester chimps Quad cqul5 Chimp tri 3.avi cqul5.csv Good
Chester chimps Quad cqul6.avi cqul6.csv Good
Chester chimps Quad cqul7.avi cqul7.csv Good
Chester chimps Quad cqul8 run.avi cqul8.csv Good run
Chester chimps Quad cqul9.avi cqul9.csv Good
Chester orang Quad oql11Orang quad.avi oqlten.csv Cardboard farside hand
Chester orang Quad oql12Orang quad.avi oqltwelve.csv Ventral infant
Chester orang Quad oql13Orang quad.avi oqlthirteen.csv Ventral infant
Chester orang Quad oql1Orang quad 6.avi oql1.csv Ventral infant
Chester orang Quad oql2Orang quad 10.avi oql2.csv Sack on head
Chester orang Quad oql3Orang quad 12.avi oql3.csv Sack farside foot
Chester orang Quad oql4Orang quad 13.avi oql4.csv Sack nearside foot
Chester orang Quad oql5Orang quad 14.avi oql5.csv Sack nearside foot
Chester orang Quad oql6Orang ...nfant).avi oql6.csv Ventral infant
Chester orang Quad oql7Orang quad 18.avi oql7.csv Sack back and nearside foot
Chester orang Quad oql8Orang quad 20.avi oql8.csv Sack nearside foot
Chester orang Quad oql9Orang quad 21.avi oql9.csv Sack nearside hand
Chester orang Tri otl1Orang ...nfant).avi otl1.csv Farside hand drag infant
Chester orang Quad oqu1Orang ...arry 2.avi oqu1.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Bipedal gbl1gorill...mapema.avi gbl1.csv Log carrying very short sequence
Paignton gorillas Bipedal gbl2gorill...mapema.avi gbl2.csv Log carrying quite short sequence
Paignton gorillas Bipedal gbl3gorill...damisi.avi gbl3.csv Log carrying very short sequence
Paignton gorillas Bipedal gbl4gorill...damisi.avi gbl4.csv Log carrying very short sequence
Paignton gorillas Bipedal gbl5gorill...damisi.avi gbl5.csv Log carrying quite short sequence
Paignton gorillas Quadrupedal gql1gorill...mapema.avi gql1.csv Small food item in mouth
Paignton gorillas Quadrupedal gql3gorill...mapema.avi gql3.csv Small food item in mouth
Paignton gorillas Quadrupedal gql4gorill...damisi.avi gql4.csv Small food item farside hand
Paignton gorillas Quadrupedal gql5gorill...mapema.avi gql5.csv Small food item nearside hand
Paignton gorillas Tripedal gtl1gorill...damisi.avi gtl1.csv Farside hand log very short sequence
Paignton gorillas Tripedal gtl4gorill...mapema.avi gtl4.csv Nearside hand log
Paignton gorillas Tripedal gtl5gorill...mapema.avi gtl5.csv Nearside hand log
Paignton gorillas Tripedal gtl6gorill...damisi.avi gtl6.csv Nearside hand log very short sequence
Paignton gorillas Tripedal gtl8gorill...mapema.avi gtl8.csv Farside hand log
Paignton gorillas Tripedal gtl9gorill...damisi.avi gtl9.csv Nearside hand log very short sequence
Paignton gorillas Tripedal gtlfifteen...damisi.avi gtlfifteen.csv Nearside hand log
Paignton gorillas Tripedal gtlfourtee...mapema.avi gtlfourteen.csv Farside hand log
Paignton gorillas Tripedal gtlsixteen...damisi.avi gtlsixteen.csv Nearside hand log
Paignton gorillas Tripedal gtlthirtee...damisi.avi gtlthirteen.csv Nearside hand log
Paignton gorillas Quad gqu1gorill...mapema.avi gqu1.csv Good early on
Paignton gorillas Quad gqu2gorill...mapema.avi gqu2.csv Stands up and accelerates off
Paignton gorillas Quad gqu3gorill...mapema.avi gqu3.csv Slows to a standstill
Paignton gorillas Quad gqu4gorill...damisi.avi gqu4.csv Accelerates to run
Paignton gorillas Quad gqu6gorill...mapema.avi gqu6.csv Short walk sequence - not very good
Paignton gorillas Quad gqueleveng...damisi.avi gqueleven.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Quad gquforty1g...damisi.avi gquforty1.csv Good but short
Paignton gorillas Quad gquforty2g...mapema.avi gquforty2.csv Good but short
Paignton gorillas Quad gquforty3g...mapema.avi gquforty3.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Quad gquforty5g...mapema.avi gquforty5.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Quad gquforty7g...mapema.avi gquforty7.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Quad gquforty8g...mapema.avi gquforty8.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Quad gquninetee...mapema.avi gqunineteen.csv Stands up and accelerates off
Paignton gorillas Quad gqusixteen...damisi.avi gqusixteen.csv Good at end
Paignton gorillas Quad gquthirtee...damisi.avi gquthirteen.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Quad gquthirty1...mapema.avi gquthirty1.csv Slows to a standstill
Paignton gorillas Quad gquthirty2...mapema.avi gquthirty2.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Quad gquthirty8...damisi.avi gquthirty8.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Quad gquthirty9...mapema.avi gquthirty9.csv Good but slow
Paignton gorillas Quad gquthirtyg...mapema.avi gquthirty.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Quad gqutwenty2...mapema.avi gqutwenty2.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Quad gqutwenty4...mapema.avi gqutwenty4.csv Good
Paignton gorillas Quad gqutwenty6...mapema.avi gqutwenty6.csv Slows to a standstill
Paignton gorillas Quad gqutwenty7...mapema.avi gqutwenty7.csv Good start
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl10bonob...rmine5.avi bbl10.csv Carrying two pipes
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl11bonob...ermine.avi bbl11.csv Carrying two logs
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl12bonob...ermine.avi bbl12.csv Carrying two logs and infant on shoulders
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl12bonob...ermine.avi bbl122.csv Carrying two logs and infant on shoulders
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl13bonob...ermine.avi bbl13.csv Carrying two logs and ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl13bonob...ermine.avi bbl133.csv Carrying two logs and ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl14bonob...ezamba.avi bbl14.csv Carrying two logs
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl15bonob...zamba2.avi bbl15.csv Carrying two logs
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl16bonob...zamba3.avi bbl16.csv Carrying two logs
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl1bonobo...djanoa.avi bblone.csv Carrying one log, ventral infant and running
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl21bonob...djanoa.avi bbl21.csv Carrying one log, accelerating to run
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl23bonob...djanoa.avi bbl23.csv Carrying one log and ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl23bonob...djanoa.avi bbl233.csv Carrying one log and ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl26bonob...janoa2.avi bbl26.csv Carrying one log fast walk
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl27bonob...ermine.avi bbl27.csv Carrying one log
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl28bonob...rtense.avi bbl28.csv Carrying one log and ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl2bonobo...rtense.avi bbl2.csv Carrying one log
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl31bonob...tense2.avi bbl31.csv Carrying one log and ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl34bonob...dlfore.avi bbl34.csv Carrying two small food items (distant)
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl3bonobo...djanoa.avi bbl3.csv Carrying one log and ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl40bonob...ntralf.avi bbl40.csv Carrying one log, ventral infant and accelerating to run
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl5bonobo...ermine.avi bbl5.csv Carrying ventral infant plus ball plus rolling ball
Planckendael bonobos Bi bbl7bonobo...rmine2.avi bbl7.csv Carrying two pipes plus food but turning
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql11bonob...djanoa.avi bql11.csv Ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql12bonob...djanoa.avi bql12.csv Ventral infant run
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql13bonob...ermine.avi bql13.csv Ventral infant plus straw in nearside foot
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql14bonob...ddiem2.avi bql14.csv Lettuce leaves in both hands
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql15bonob...lforem.avi bql15.csv Large leaves in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql16bonob...eddiem.avi bql16.csv Reed in mouth (light)
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql17bonob...eredie.avi bql17.csv Log nearside hand plus small food item in mouth
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql1bonobo...ntralf.avi bql1.csv Ventral infant plus ball in nearside hand
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql2bonobo...tralf2.avi bql2.csv Ventral infant plus ball in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql3bonobo...reredy.avi bql3.csv Apples in both hands plus mouth
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql4bonobo...rerudy.avi bql4.csv Lettuce leaves in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql5bonobo...djanoa.avi bql5.csv Ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql6bonobo...ntralf.avi bql6.csv Ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql7bonobo...tralf2.avi bql7.csv Ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql8bonobo...tralf3.avi bql8.csv Ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Quad bql9bonobo...tralf4.avi bql9.csv Ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqltenbono...tralf5.avi bqlten.csv Ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl11bonob...djanoa.avi btl11.csv Ventral infant plus log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl14bonob...reredy.avi btl14.csv Log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl16bonob...ermine.avi btl16.csv Ventral infant plus log in nearside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl17bonob...djanoa.avi btl17.csv Ventral infant plus log in nearside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl19bonob...ezamba.avi btl19.csv Log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl22bonob...ntralf.avi btl22.csv QUADRUPEDAL ball + fruit in hands plus ventral infant
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl24bonob...djanoa.avi btl24.csv Log in nearside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl26bonob...janoa2.avi btl26.csv Log in nearside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl30bonob...janoa6.avi btl30.csv Log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl31bonob...djanoa.avi btl31.csv Ventral infant plus log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl33bonob...rmine2.avi btl33.csv Ventral infant plus log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl44bonob...rmine2.avi btl44.csv Ventral infant plus log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl4bonobo...ermine.avi btl4.csv Ventral infant plus ball in nearside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl54bonob...lforem.avi btl54.csv Log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl57bonob...djanoa.avi btl57a.csv Log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl57bonob...djanoa.avi btl57b.csv Log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl59bonob...ermine.avi btl59.csv Ventral infant plus log in nearside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl60bonob...rtense.avi btl60.csv Ventral infant plus log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl66bonob...djanoa.avi btl66.csv Ventral infant plus log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl68bonob...forem2.avi btl68.csv Log in nearside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl73bonob...kidago.avi btl73.csv Log in farside hand
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl74bonob...idago2.avi btl74.csv Lettuce in farside hand and mouth
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl8bonobo...reredy.avi btl8.csv Log nearside hand plus small food item in mouth - very short clip
Planckendael bonobos Tri btl9bonobo...zamba2.avi btl9.csv Log in nearside hand
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul10bono...ediem5.avi bqulten.csv Good
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul12bono...uddiem.avi bqul12.csv Good
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul13bono...ddiem2.avi bqul13.csv Good
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul14bono...ddiem3.avi bqul14.csv Good
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul15bono...ddiem4.avi bqul15.csv Good
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul16bono...ddiem5.avi bqul16.csv Good
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul18bono...nredy8.avi bqul18.csv Good run
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul1bonob...djanoa.avi bqulone.csv Good
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul2bonob...janoa2.avi bqul2.csv Slows to a standstill
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul3bonob...rtense.avi bqul3.csv Good
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul4bonob...kidago.avi bqul4.csv Good
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul5bonob...idago2.avi bqul5.csv Good
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul7bonoboquadulm.avi bqul7.csv Good
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul8bonoboquadulm2.avi bqul8a.csv Speed variable
Planckendael bonobos Quad bqul8bonoboquadulm2.avi bqul8b.csv Speed variable
Port Lympne gorillas Bi glb1ambambilogrhand.avi plgbl1.csv Log in hand
Port Lympne gorillas Bi glb2ambambiloglhand.avi plgbl2.csv Log in hand
Port Lympne gorillas Quad gql1quadlogmouth.avi plgql1.csv Log in mouth
Port Lympne gorillas Quad gql2ambamq...gmouth.avi plgql2.csv Log in mouth
Port Lympne gorillas Tri cushtriloglhand.avi plgtl1.csv Log in nearside hand
Port Lympne gorillas Quad gqu1.avi plgqul1.csv Good
Port Lympne gorillas Quad gqu2.avi plgqul2.csv Good
Port Lympne gorillas Quad gqu3.avi plgqul3.csv Good
Port Lympne gorillas Quad gqu5.avi plgqul5.csv Good
Port Lympne gorillas Quad gqu6.avi plgqul6.csv Good
Twycross Bonobos Bi babl2 bono...hands2.avi tbabl2.csv Pushing a large, light tub
Twycross Bonobos Bi babl3 bono...hands3.avi tbabl3.csv Pushing a large, light tub
Twycross Bonobos Quad bql1bonobo...antvf2.avi tbql1.csv Ventral infant
Twycross Bonobos Quad bql2bonobo...antvf3.avi tbql2.csv Ventral infant
Twycross Bonobos Quad bql3bonobo...handsf.avi tbql3.csv Ventral infant, food in hands but poor sequence
Twycross Bonobos Tri batl1 bono...lhands.avi tbatl1.csv Pushing light crate with nearside hand
Twycross Bonobos Quad bqul1 bonoboquadul5.avi tbqul1.csv Good
Twycross Bonobos Quad bqul2 bonoboquadul8.avi tbqul2.csv Good
Twycross Bonobos Quad bqul3 bonoboquadul9.avi tbqul3.csv Good
Twycross Bonobos Quad bqul4 bonoboquadul10.avi tbqul4.csv Good
Twycross Bonobos Quad bqul5 bonoboquadul11.avi tbqul5.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Bi cbl3chimpb... SPEED.avi tcbl3R.csv Small food item in mouth - poor angle
Twycross Chimps Quad cql10chimp...mouthf.avi tcqltenR.csv Light lid in mouth
Twycross Chimps Quad cql1chimpboxmouth.avi tcql1R.csv Light tub in mouth
Twycross Chimps Quad cql8chimpq...rhand3.avi tcql8L.csv Light box pushed in farside hand
Twycross Chimps Quad cql9chimpq...rlhand.avi tcql9R.csv Newspaper in farside hand
Twycross Chimps Bi cbul2chimpbiul.avi tcbul2L.csv Short sequence - part of display
Twycross Chimps Bi cbul3chimpbiwalkul.avi tcbul3L.csv Short sequence
Twycross Chimps Bi cbul4chimpbiwalkul2.avi tcbul4R.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Bi cbul5chimpbiwalkul3.avi tcbul5R.csv Short sequence
Twycross Chimps Bi cbul6chimpbiwalkul5.avi tcbul6L.csv Short sequence - part of bipedal interaction
Twycross Chimps Quad cqul1chimpquadul.avi tcqul1L.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Quad cqul5chimp...alkul2.avi tcqul5R.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Quad cqul7chimp...alkul4.avi tcqul7L.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Quad cqul8chimp...alkul6.avi tcqul8L.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Quad cqul9chimp...alkul7.avi tcqul9R.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Quad cquleleven...lkul11.avi tcqulelevenR.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Quad cqulsevent...uadul4.avi tcqulseventeen.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Quad cqulsixtee...uadul3.avi tcqulsixteen.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Quad cqultenchi...lkul10.avi tcqultenR.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Quad cqulthirte...lkulf9.avi tcqulthirteenL.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Quad cqultwelve...lkul13.avi tcqultwelveR.csv Good
Twycross Chimps Tri ctul1chimptriwalkul1.avi tctul1.csv Two chimps hand in hand
Twycross Chimps Tri ctul1chimptriwalkul1.avi tctul1R.csv Two chimps hand in hand
Twycross Gorillas Quad gql1gorill...cratef.avi tgql1.csv Light crate on back but keep changing direction
Twycross Gorillas Quad gql2gorill...ratef3.avi tgql2.csv Light crate nearside foot but stops and starts
Twycross Gorillas Quad gql3gorill...thindf.avi tgql3.csv Light crate farside foot
Twycross Gorillas Quad gql4gorill...rhindf.avi tgql4.csv Hard to classify accelerating run
Twycross Gorillas Tri gtl1gorill...cratef.avi tgtl1.csv Very short sequence crate in nearside hand - poor
Twycross Gorillas Tri gtl2gorill...eheadf.avi tgtl2.csv Mixed tripedal and quadrupedal sequence
Twycross Gorillas Quad gqu3gorillaquadulf.avi tgqu3.csv Good
Twycross Gorillas Quad gqu4gorillaquadulf2.avi tgqu4.csv Good
Twycross Gorillas Quad gqu5gorillaquadulf2a.avi tgqu5.csv Good
Twycross Gorillas Quad gqu6gorillaquadulf3.avi tgqu6.csv Good at start
Twycross Gorillas Quad gqu7gorillaquadulf4.avi tgqu7.csv Good
Twycross Orangs Bi oabl1orang...tlhand.avi toabl1.csv Hand assisted with rope farside, fruit nearside
Twycross Orangs Bi oabl2orang...dorsal.avi toabl2.csv Infant dorsal, both hands rope assisted
Twycross Orangs Bi obl3orangb...enilem.avi tobl3.csv Branches carried in hands and mouth
Twycross Orangs Quad Orangquadsackm.avi toql3.csv Sack in nearside foot
Twycross Orangs Quad toql2orang...rsalf2.avi toql2.csv Infant dorsal
Twycross Orangs Tri totl1orang...ttubef.avi totl1.csv Infant dorsal but very mixed locomotor modes